Gods and Rituals of the Canaanites – Highlights
Amorites the Oldest Canaanites
The Amorites (Sumerian MAR.TU, Akkadian Tidnum or Amurr?m, Egyptian Amar, Hebrew ’em?rî) refers to a Semitic people who occupied the country west of the Euphrates from the second half of the third millennium BCE. The term Amurru refers to them, as well as to their principal deity.
The Moabites were likely pastoral nomads settling in the Trans-Jordanian highlands. They may have been among the raiders referred to as Habiru in the Amarna letters. Whether they were among the nations referred to in the Ancient Egyptian language as Shutu or Shasu is a matter of some debate among scholars. The existence of Moab prior to the rise of the Israelite polity can be seen from the colossal statues erected at Luxor by Pharaoh Rameses II.
The Most Powerful of Canaanites – The Phoenicians
Linguistically, the ancient Semites have been broadly classified into Eastern and Western groups. The Eastern group is represented most prominently by Akkadian, the language of the Assyrians and Babylonians, who inhabited the Tigris and Euphrates river valleys. The Western group is further broken down into the Southern and Northern groups.
Asherah – Atiratu – Aš?r?h -Atirat – Ilatu – Ilat – Elt – Atrt – All?t
Ba’al / Hadad - Haddu / Hadadu - Balu – Adad / Bel – Hd / b’l - Adodos – / Belos – Ba’al /Baal
Religious cosmologies are ways of explaining the history and evolution of the universe based, at least in part, on the acceptance of principles that cannot or need not be justified on the basis of accepted scientific arguments. Most frequently, such theories begin by positing the existence of a gods (or god) who created and/or maintain(s) the universe.
The site of Ugarit is thought to have been inhabited earlier, Neolithic Ugarit was already important enough to be fortified with a wall early on, perhaps by 6000 BCE. The first written evidence mentioning the city comes from the nearby city of Ebla, c. 1800 BCE. Ugarit passed into the sphere of influence of Egypt, which deeply influenced its art.
The Ugaritic Language