The word heresy comes from haeresis, a Latin transliteration of the Greek word meaning choosing, choice, course of action, or in an extended sense school of thought. Irenaeus (b. between the years 115 – 125 according to some, or 130 – 142, d. 202) defined heresy as deviation from the standard of sound doctrine.
The Traditional Story
Locating Qumran – the beginnings of the story
Qumran (Khirbet Qumran) is located on a dry plateau about two kilometers (a mile) inland from the northwestern shore of the cin Israel. The site was constructed sometime during the reign of John Hyrcanus, 134-104 BC and saw various phases of occupation until, in the summer of 68, Titus and his X Fretensis legion destroyed it. It is best known as the settlement nearest to the hiding place of the Dead Sea Scrolls in the caves of the sheer desert cliffs.