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Hebrew Bible

Hebrew Bible

Eschatology and Apocalypses

Course
Roman Palestine
Lecture
1011 Lecture 10
Source
http://politeacademics.wordpress.com
Author
Theophyle
Original Date
July 5, 2010
SortOrder
011

Eschatology, or “the doctrine of last things,” is today often employed as a comprehensive term for all religious ideas of the afterlife. In the following, however, we shall employ the concept Eschatology in its original sense: eschatology describes and explains the goal and ultimate destiny of human history. Eschatology thus presupposes a unique linear flow of history from the beginning to the end of temporal history. 

L10-1.jpg

The Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS)

Course
Roman Palestine
Lecture
1011 Lecture 8
Source
http://politeacademics.wordpress.com
Author
Theophyle
Original Date
July 1, 2010
SortOrder
009

The Dead Sea Scrolls are a collection of about 900 documents, including texts from the Hebrew Bible, discovered between 1947 and 1956 in eleven caves in and around the ruins of the ancient settlement of Khirbet Qumran on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea in the West Bank.

The Age of Hellenism–2 / Jewish Reaction

Source
http://theophyle.wordpress.com
Author
Theophyle
Original Date
December 31, 2009

It is difficult to assess how Jewish society as a whole responded to this new reality. Did the isolated geographical circumstances of Jews (who lived primarily in the more remote hill country of Judea), combined with ethnic and religious differences, create a buffer between them and the outside world? Or were Jews affected by these changes in the same ways as were their pagan counterparts in the coastal cities, albeit at a somewhat slower pace? Unfortunately, our sources cannot answer these questions adequately.

Book
BCE Articles from Theophyle's English Blog - Babylon and the Second Temple Period
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122

HB/OT Apocrypha: Letter of Aristeas

Source
http://theophyle.wordpress.com
Author
Theophyle
Original Date
December 24, 2009

The so-called Letter of Aristeas or Letter to Philocrates [1]  is a Hellenistic work of the second century BCE, one of the Pseudepigrapha. Josephus Flavius who rephrases some of the letter, ascribes it to Aristeas and written to Philocrates, describing the Greek translation of the Hebrew Law by seventy-two interpreters sent into Egypt from Jerusalem at the request of the librarian of Alexandria, resulting in the Septuagint translation.

Book
BCE Articles from Theophyle's English Blog - Babylon and the Second Temple Period
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202

Major Septuagint Manuscripts — Vaticanus, Sinaiticus, Alexandrinus

Source
http://theophyle.wordpress.com
Author
Theophyle
Original Date
December 21, 2009

Readers of Bible commentaries and articles on the Bible are often informed by learned authors that a particular word or phrase is found in the Septuagint—and that, therefore, the Septuagint substantiates the learned author’s point.

Book
BCE Articles from Theophyle's English Blog - Babylon and the Second Temple Period
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185

Septuagint, the first Bible translation – 3

Source
http://theophyle.wordpress.com
Author
Theophyle
Original Date
December 20, 2009

The Aristeas purpose was really to establish and defend the authority of this Greek translation of the Pentateuch. That purpose lies implicit in much of the letter. It comes to the fore, near the end, in the description of the public reading and ratification of the translation:

Book
BCE Articles from Theophyle's English Blog - Babylon and the Second Temple Period
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183

Septuagint, the first Bible translation – 2

Source
http://theophyle.wordpress.com
Author
Theophyle
Original Date
December 18, 2009

Most of the scholars today —who are now in the majority—disagree. [1]   They contend that it is much more likely that the Jewish community itself instigated the translation to serve their own liturgical and pedagogical needs. When scholars holding this position reinvestigate Ptolemy’s supposed interest in a Greek translation of Jewish Law, the evidence begins to evaporate.

Book
BCE Articles from Theophyle's English Blog - Babylon and the Second Temple Period
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182

Septuagint, the first Bible translation – 1

Source
http://theophyle.wordpress.com
Author
Theophyle
Original Date
December 16, 2009

It often comes as a surprise to laypeople to learn that ancient copies of the Bible vary, sometimes in minor ways, but sometimes, also, in important ways. Variation exists between any two manuscripts of the Bible, even when they are written in the same language. But apart from minor variations among ancient manuscripts, when all the evidence from antiquity is compared, two important traditions of the biblical text emerge. They are the Masoretic text and the Septuagint.

Book
BCE Articles from Theophyle's English Blog - Babylon and the Second Temple Period
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181