The Romans entered Judean politics, ironically, by invitation of one Jewish faction that was in a power struggle with another. In 76 BCE Alexander Jannaeus, the last great king of the Hasmonean line, died. He was succeeded by his widow Salome Alexandra, who herself died in 67 BCE The royal couple’s two sons, Hyrcanus and Aristobulus, then fought each other for succession to the throne.
Locating Qumran – the beginnings of the story
Qumran (Khirbet Qumran) is located on a dry plateau about two kilometers (a mile) inland from the northwestern shore of the cin Israel. The site was constructed sometime during the reign of John Hyrcanus, 134-104 BC and saw various phases of occupation until, in the summer of 68, Titus and his X Fretensis legion destroyed it. It is best known as the settlement nearest to the hiding place of the Dead Sea Scrolls in the caves of the sheer desert cliffs.