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Salome Alexandra

The First Roman – Jewish War

Course
Roman Palestine
Lecture
1011 Lecture 11
Source
http://politeacademics.wordpress.com
Author
Theophyle
Original Date
July 8, 2010
SortOrder
012

The Romans entered Judean politics, ironically, by invitation of one Jewish faction that was in a power struggle with another. In 76 BCE Alexander Jannaeus, the last great king of the Hasmonean line, died. He was succeeded by his widow Salome Alexandra, who herself died in 67 BCE The royal couple’s two sons, Hyrcanus and Aristobulus, then fought each other for succession to the throne.

Hasmonean Religious Ideology

Course
Roman Palestine
Lecture
1011 Lecture 1
Source
http://politeacademics.wordpress.com
Author
Theophyle
Original Date
June 14, 2010
SortOrder
001

In the religious sphere, the Hasmoneans were committed to ridding their territories of all idolatrous practices. Religious purification of the land became a basic policy. Sometimes this meant driving out pagan inhabitants altogether and then purifying the site; at other times, conversion of the populace was required. Entire populations, both urban and rural, were thus brought into the Jewish fold. The two outstanding examples of this policy were the conversion of the Idumeans by John Hyrcanus and the conversion of the Itureans by Aristobulus I.