Linguistically, the ancient Semites have been broadly classified into Eastern and Western groups. The Eastern group is represented most prominently by Akkadian, the language of the Assyrians and Babylonians, who inhabited the Tigris and Euphrates river valleys. The Western group is further broken down into the Southern and Northern groups.
The site of Ugarit is thought to have been inhabited earlier, Neolithic Ugarit was already important enough to be fortified with a wall early on, perhaps by 6000 BCE. The first written evidence mentioning the city comes from the nearby city of Ebla, c. 1800 BCE. Ugarit passed into the sphere of influence of Egypt, which deeply influenced its art.
The Ugaritic Language
A Short History of Ebla
Ebla (Tell Mardikh, Syria) was an ancient city about 56 km southwest of Aleppo. It was an important city-state in two periods, first in the late third millennium BCE, then again between 1800 and 1650 BCE. The site is most famous for the archive of about 15,000 cuneiform tablets found there  , dated from around 2250 BCE, written in the Sumerian language and in Eblaite — a previously unknown Semitic language.
The Story of Mari Discovery
Archeological Findings at Mari
The Mari Tablets are a large group of tablets discovered by French archaeologists in the 1930’s. More than 23,000 tablets were found, which gave information about the kingdom of Mari including the customs of the Mari kingdom, as well as giving names of people who lived during that time .
The Mari’s language
The Sea Peoples – Who is Who ? [2 from 2]
The Shardana – ?ardana